Coronaviruses are a large group of viruses that are common among animals. In rare cases, they are what scientists call zoonotic, meaning they can be transmitted from animals

to humans, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a dangerous diseases with incubation period between 4-6 days. It is fatal especially for those with weakened immune system, the elderly and the very young. It could also result in Pneumonia and bronchitis.

How it spreads
Viruses can spread from human contact with animals and also from human to human.
When it comes to human-to-human transmission of the viruses, often it happens when someone comes into contact with the infected person's secretions. The exposure factors are;

  • cough
  • sneeze or
  • handshake
  • The virus can also be transmitted by touching something an infected person has touched and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes.

The viruses can make people sick. Coronavirus symptoms include;

  • fever
  • runny nose
  • cough
  • sore throat
  • possibly a headache


  • There is no vaccine to protect against this family of viruses.
  • However, you can reduce your risk of infection by;
  • Wash your hands with soap and water before touching anything including your eyes, nose and mouth
  • Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze
  • Disinfect the objects and surfaces you touch.
  • It is also advised that sick people stay home and avoid crowds and contact with others.